Title IX

"No person in the United Stated shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance."

Title IX applies to any educational program in an institution that receives any federal funding. This applies to the majority of schools in this country, elementary through university level. If educational institutions are found to be in violation of Title IX, they risk losing their federal funding. The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the Department of Education is the primary government office that enforces Title IX.

According to the specific regulations of Title IX, each school or entity that receives federal funding must have a designated Title IX compliance officer to oversee efforts and investigate any complaints that are filed. This individual's contact information must be made known to all students and employees of the institution or organization. Do you know who your Title IX compliance officer is?

In the 40 plus years since the passage of Title IX, the federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs, there have been significant increases in sports participation for women and girls at all levels. Many advances have been made for girls and women in sport, but equity has yet to be achieved. Major discrepancies still exist in the area of facilities, travel schedules, and support services. In the majority of high school athletic programs, girls' programs are still struggling for equity in equipment provided, facilities, scheduling of games and practice times, and number of opportunities to participate. We have yet to reach the point of fairness in America's education sports programs. For more information on Title IX generally, also check out the following websites:


Much progress has been made since the introduction of Title IX:

Title IX: THEN and NOW - 1972-2014

THEN: 10% of coaches of women's NCAA teams were women
NOW: 42% of coaches of women's NCAA teams are women

THEN: 817,073 girls participated in high-school athletics
NOW: 3,207,533 girls participate in high-school athletics

THEN: There was an average of 2.5 women's varsity college teams across all divisions
NOW: There is an average of 8.73 women's varsity college teams across all divisions

THEN: In 1998 there were 30 NCAA Division I Athletic Directors who were female
NOW: In 2012 there are 26 NCAA Division I Athletics Directors who are female