AJHE Cover September October 2021
September / October 2021



AJHE: American Journal of Health Education

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  September/October 2021 (Volume 52, Issue 5)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
/Investigating Exercise Readiness and Life Stress among Undergraduate Students at an Historically Black University
 – Sarah Toth, Isia Jenkins, and Christine Highfill

Background: Given the disparity of research regarding Historically Black College and University (HBCU) students’ health and chronic disease risk, investigation of exercise readiness and life stress is warranted. Purpose: This study investigated exercise readiness and life stress among undergraduate students at an HBCU. Method: The quantitative cross-sectional study utilized a Stages of Change framework. A survey determined exercise readiness and life stress scores among HBCU undergraduates (n = 304). Results: Most respondents (57%) were exercising regularly and classified in the Action and Maintenance stages. Approximately 44% reported normal Body Mass Index (BMI), and nearly 50% were overweight or obese. Life stress scores ranged from 1 to 31 (M = 14.23, SD = 6.05). Scores were highest in the Precontemplation stage (M = 15.64, SD = 4.31) and lowest in the Contemplation stage (M = 12.54, SD = 5.64). Median life stress scores were not statistically different between exercise readiness groups χ2 (4) = 55.61, p = .193. Discussion: Freshmen, especially females, should be encouraged to continue exercising to maintain a healthy BMI and reduce chronic disease risk. Translation for Health Education Practice: HBCU exercise interventions call for a socio-ecological approach based on current readiness stage distribution.

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Research Articles

Applying the Health Belief Model for Investigating the Impact of Political Affiliation on COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake
Amir Bhochhibhoya, Paul Branscum, Rashmi Thapaliya, Pragya Sharma Ghimire, and Holisa Wharton

Support Factors and Barriers for Outdoor Learning in Elementary Schools: A Systemic Perspective
Eva Oberle, Megan Zeni, Fritha Munday, and Mariana Brussoni

Feasibility of Play-Based Dance to Promote Physical Activity in Second Grade Students
Dana Brackney, Emily Daughtridge, Margaret Jensen, Sarah Childers, Nicholas Tocci, Taylor Wilson, and Marco Meucci

Middle School Stakeholder Perceptions of School Nutrition Reform Since the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010
Retta R. Evans, Catheryn Orihuela, and Sylvie Mrug

Development and Validation of an HIV/AIDS Empowerment Scale for Impact Intervention Evaluation. An Example from the MAKASI Intervention
Andrainolo Ravalihasy, Nathalie Rude, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Lidia Kardas-Sloma, Annabel Desgrées du Loû, Anne Gosselin, and Valéry Ridde, on behalf of the MAKASI Study Group

Wearable Activity Trackers: A Structural Investigation into Acceptance and Goal Achievements of Generation
Aakash Kamble, Supriya Desai, and Nayna Abhang