JOPERD cover February 2021
February 2021



JOPERD: Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance

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  February 2021 (Volume 92, Issue 2)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
Developing Cultural Competence in Elementary Physical Education
Edward Olsen, Emi Tsuda, Masanobu Sato and James Wyant

The purpose of this article is to introduce a collaborative online international exchange unit for physical education called CULTURE (Cultural Unit of Learning To Understand, Respect, and Empathize). The cultural unit occurred in the Fall of 2019 between an elementary school in New Jersey, U.S., and two elementary schools near Tokyo, Japan.

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Preparing PETE Students for Developing Quality Instructional Objectives: Pedagogical Strategies in Sequence
Xiuye Xie and Junyoung Kim

This article, as a practical guide, introduces pedagogical strategies to PETE faculty on how to teach PETE students to develop quality instructional objectives. Specifically, this article presents three pedagogical strategies: (a) Bloom’s taxonomy to differentiate objective categories and their hierarchical levels, (b) Action-Condition-Criterion Objective Worksheet, and (c) Alignment Activity. In the end, we share PETE students’ responses to the strategies.

Skill Analysis for Teachers: Considerations for Physical Education Teacher Education
Phillip Ward, Shiri Ayvazo, Fatih Dervent, Peter Iserbyt, Insook Kim and Weidong Li

In this article, essential knowledge for teacher educators in the teaching of skill analysis is discussed. The research literature shows that preservice and practicing teachers are not well trained in skill analysis and content knowledge as they need to conduct and act on their diagnoses. First, the reasons why skill analysis deserves much more attention in teacher education are described. Next, skill analysis is defined and essential knowledge for teacher educators and teachers discussed. Finally, examples are provided for improving the practice of teaching skill analysis to preservice teachers.

Using Response Interruption and Redirection to Promote On-Task Behaviors in Physical Education and Physical Activity
Layne Case and Jodi Stinson

Despite the large body of literature and advocacy for evidence-based behavior management practices when working with children, explicit steps and strategies for implementing such practices are less common. This may be a barrier for practitioners working with children with disabilities and unique behavioral needs within Physical Education and other physical activity settings. This article introduces response interruption and redirection within Physical Education and physical activity settings and provides practical steps and strategies for how teachers and other practitioners can redirect a variety of off-task behaviors.

Physical Literacy and Practical Applications for Physical Educators
Brandon Sluder, Brianna Killough, Candice Howard-Shaughnessy, and Anthony Rhodes

Physically Literacy (PL), a term adopted by SHAPE America in 2014 has been coined the goal of PE (PE). The purpose of this study is to define PL and give practical applications for physical educators while also reviewing current PL assessments. PL is defined as “the ability to move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities in multiple environments that benefit the healthy development of the whole person” by SHAPE America (2014). The article will present the physical educator with practical applications for incorporation of PL content into lessons and curriculum.


The Law and You: Supervision, Gross Negligence and Wrongful Death in a Swimming Unit
Kelle L. Murphy

This article examines a case in which complaints filed from the plaintiff included supervision of the plaintiff by defendants and questions of material fact regarding whether or not ordinary negligence or gross negligence occurred.

Netball as an Activity for Individuals with Hemophilia
Jimi McDonald, Emilia Wind, and Colin G. Pennington

Unfortunately, many physical educators, coaches, and youth exercise providers may not be educated on the condition of hemophilia, thus limiting the amount of physical activity hemophilic individuals receive under their care. This article seeks to describe some common symptoms of hemophilia and how physical activity and sport can be modified to be more inclusive.

Video-Based Learning: Recommendations for Physical Educators
Jihyun Lee and Seung Ho Chang

Most teachers have received encouragement to use technology in the classroom with little expectation or enforcement of the actual usage for instructional purposes. However, the current pandemic has dramatically increased the demand on teachers’ time and ability to use technology, and also the need for teachers to use technology effectively and efficiently. Video-based instruction as a main teaching tool in physical education did not receive much attention before the COVID-19 crisis.

The Challenge of Physical Education in the Post-Pandemic Era
Susan J. Grosse

We have all been inundated with information on the COVID-19 virus. That information will not be repeated or referenced here. Rather, this article will key on practical ideas and easy to implement techniques designed to move physical education theory and practice successfully into our new, post pandemic era. Consideration will be given to student status, safety of students and staff, activity ideas to promote health and wellness, and ways to implement activities in a safe and secure manner.