June 2020



RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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  June 2020 (Volume 91, Issue 2)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
/ Two Pathways Underlying the Effects of Physical Education on Out-Of-School Physical Activity
Yubing Wang and Ang Chen

Purpose: In this study, we proposed a two-pathway model of the “PE effect” and hypothesized that learning in PE and positive motivational experience in PE are two possible pathways through which the “PE effect” emerges. We tested the tenability of this two-pathway model from the perspective of knowledge learning and autonomous motivation in PE. Methods: A total of 394 eighth-grade students from five schools provided data on PA knowledge, out-of-school PA, and autonomous motivation toward PE and PA. Structural equation modeling was used to test the two-pathway model. Results: Results showed that the students’ knowledge had a direct effect (β = .18, p < .05) on their autonomous motivation for PA and an indirect effect (β = .02, p < .05) on out-of-school PA through influencing autonomous motivation toward PA. Students’ autonomous motivation for PE had a direct effect (β = .41, p < .05) on their autonomous motivation toward PA and an indirect effect (β = .04, p < .05) on out-of-school PA through autonomous motivation toward PA. Conclusion: These results indicate that the two-pathway model is tenable in terms of knowledge learning and autonomous motivation in PE and imply that teaching knowledge in an autonomy-supportive PE environment may be an effective way to promote students’ out-of-school PA.



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The Association between PLAYfun and Physical Activity: A Convergent Validation Study
Emily Bremer, Jeffrey D. Graham, Chloe Bedard, Christine Rodriguez, Dean Kriellaars, and John Cairney


Active Video Games versus Traditional Exercises: Energy Expenditure and Blood Lactate Responses
Hayriye Çakir-Atabek, Cihan Aygün, and Bircan Dokumacı


Long-term Effects in the EXERDIET-HTA Study: Supervised Exercise Training vs. Physical Activity Advice
Pablo Corres, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Simon M. Fryer, Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Iñaki Arratibel-Imaz, G. Rodrigo Aispuru, and Sara Maldonado-Martín


Communicating Dynamic Behaviors in Basketball: The Role of Verbal Instructions and Arrow Symbols
Aïmen Khacharem, Khaled Trabelsi, Bachir Zoudji, and Slava Kalyuga


Cold-water Immersion Does Not Accelerate Performance Recovery after 10-km Street Run: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Glauko Dantas, Alef Barros, Bianca Silva, Louise Belém, Vitoria Ferreira, Ana Fonseca, Pedro Castro, Thiago Santos, Telma Lemos, and Wouber Hérickson


Elite Players’ Perceptions of Football Playing Surfaces: A Qualitative Study
Jonathan R. Roberts, Paul Osei-Owusu, Aimee C. Mears, and Andrew R. Harland


Is V̇ O2peak a Valid Estimation of V̇ O2max in Swimmers with Physical Impairments?
Wellington G. Feitosa, Tiago M. Barbosa, Ricardo de A. Correia, and Flávio A. de S. Castro


‘The Project Changed My Life’: Sport Education’s Transformative Potential on Student Physical Literacy
Cláudio Farias, Tristan Wallhead, and Isabel Mesquita


Stress in Physical Education Teachers: A Systematic Review of Sources, Consequences, and Moderators of Stress
Birte von Haaren-Mack, Alina Schaefer, Fabian Pels, and Jens Kleinert


Upper Body Posture and Muscle Activation in Recreational Cyclists: Immediate Effects of Variable Cycling Setups
Andreas Brand, Thomas Sepp, Isabella Klöpfer-Krämer, Janina Anna Müßig, Inga Kröger, Hannes Wackerle, and Peter Augat


Impact of a Design-Based Bike Exergame on Young Adults’ Physical Activity Metrics and Situational Interest
Cédric Roure, Denis Pasco, Nicolas Benoît, and Louise Deldicque


Influence of Foot-Landing Positions at Initial Contact on Knee Flexion Angles for Single-leg Drop Landings
Phillis Soek Po Teng, Kah Fai Leong, and Pui Wah Kong


Analysis of Physical Demands during Youth Soccer Match-play: Considerations of Sampling Method and Epoch Length
Greg Doncaster, Richard Page, Paul White, Robert Svenson, and Craig Twist


Seeing is Believing: Blind Putting Drills Confer No Advantage to the Novice Golfer
Kevin M. Fisher and Jeffrey T. Fairbrother


Assessing Physical Activity in Temporary Spaces: Application of SOPARC / iSOPARC® for Play Streets
M. Renée Umstattd Meyer, Tyler Prochnow, Christina N. Bridges, Troy Carlton, Emily Wilkins, Kimberly T. Arnold, Megan E. McClendon, Thomas McKenzie, and Keshia M. Pollack Porter


Can the Stereotype Threat and Lift Phenomenon be Applicable to a Muscular Endurance Task?
Maxime Deshayes, Raphaël Zory, Allison E. Seitchik, Aïna Chalabaev, and Corentin Clément-Guillotin