September 2021



RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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  September 2021 (Volume 92, Issue 3)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
/ Global Challenges and Opportunities for Physical Education Teacher Educators
Mary O’Sullivan

This McCloy Lecture sheds light on the “hidden profession” of Physical Education Teacher Educators (PETEs) by sharing my perspectives on the challenges and opportunities faced by PETE scholars and teachers globally. I begin with an overview of my biography and how it has influenced my thinking about PETE. I present some scholarly critiques of PETE, a selection of PETE research findings and address key policy issues within teacher education across several national educational systems describing how Physical Education teacher educators manage (or not) the challenges and opportunities in the practice of teacher education in modern-day universities. I draw on data from my international study of experienced Physical Education teacher educators about the nature of their work in academe and the status of physical education teacher education locally, nationally and globally. I also draw on the perspectives of Irish teacher educators about the challenges of being active producers and users of research in a challenging national policy context. I conclude with a set of observations about how best to build capacity among Physical Education teacher educators so they can thrive as research active and innovative teachers in the modern university.



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The Effect of Agility Training Performed in the Form of Competitive Exercising on Agility Performance
Zuzana Kovacikova and Erika Zemková


The Impact of Partner Performance on Emotions in Doubles Racquet Sports
Sarah Deck, Craig Hall, and Philip M. Wilson


Feasibility and Associated Physical Performance Outcomes of a High-Intensity Exercise Program for Children With Autism
Karl F. Kozlowski, Christopher Lopata, James P. Donnelly, Marcus L. Thomeer, Jonathan D. Rodgers, and Clancy Seymour


Sonification of Golf Putting Gesture Reduces Swing Movement Variability in Novices
Benjamin O’Brien, Brett Juhas, Marta Bieńkiewicz, Frank Buloup, Lionel Bringoux, and Christophe Bourdin


Influence of Parental Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior on Young Children: Considering Time Together
Brandon L. Keyes and Kathleen S. Wilson


The Biological and Motivational Effects of Aerobic Exercise with Virtual Reality
Kardem Ulas and Ilgi Semin


Adapted Physical Educators’ Perspectives of Educational Research
Scott W. T. McNamara, Andrew M. Colombo-Dougovito, Brad Weiner, and Christopher Ahrens


Block and Random Practice: A Wii Fit Dynamic Balance Training in Older Adults
Min-Jae Jeon, Hye-Seon Jeon, Chung-Hwi Yi, Oh-Yun Kwon, Sung-Hyun You, and Joo-Hee Park


Accelerometer Profile of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in a Multi-Ethnic Urban Asian Population
Anne H. Y. Chu, Jonathan Y. Bernard, David Koh, and Falk Müller-Riemenschneider


Lighter-Load Exercise Produces Greater Acute- and Prolonged-Fatigue in Exercised and Non-Exercised Limbs
Joshua Farrow, James Steele, David G. Behm, Martin Skivington, and James P. Fisher


Foot Muscle Strengthening and Lower Limb Injury Prevention
Carla van der Merwe, Sarah P. Shultz, G. Robert Colborne, and Philip W. Fink


Self-Report Motor Competence in Adolescents Aged 12–18 Years in Regional and Rural Victoria (Australia)
Mandy S. Plumb, Beth Hands, Fleur McIntyre, and Amanda Timler


Adolescents’ Experiences and Perspectives on Physical Activity and Friend Influences Over Time
João Martins, António Rodrigues, Adilson Marques, Lorraine Cale, and Francisco Carreiro da Costa


Short and Long-Term Effects of a Simple-Strength-Training Program on Injuries Among Elite U-19 Soccer Players
Javier Raya-González, Luis Suarez-Arrones, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Fabio Y. Nakamura, and Eduardo Sáez De Villarreal


Differences in Baseball Batting Movement Patterns Between Facing a Pitcher and a Pitching Machine
Shih-Yu Kuo, Kuangyou B. Cheng, and Yu-Chi Lee


Exploring Future Research in Adapted Physical Education
Martin E. Block, Justin Haegele, Luke Kelly, and Iva Obrusnikova


Time Constraint Increases Mental Load and Influences in the Performance in Small-Sided Games in Basketball
Pablo Camacho, Diego A. Cruz, Iker Madinabeitia, Francisco J. Giménez, and David Cárdenas


Cardiorespiratory Adaptation to Pilates Training
Catiane Souza, Renata Lopes Krüger, Emanuelle Francine Detogni Schmit, Edgar Santiago Wagner Neto,Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira, Cloud Kennedy Couto de Sá, and Jefferson Fagundes Loss


Trends of Sedentary Time and Domain-Specific Sedentary Behavior in Spanish Schoolchildren
María J. Velázquez-Romero, Carmen Padilla-Moledo, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, David Sánchez-Oliva, Jorge R. Fernández-Santos, Cristina Senín-Calderón, and Alberto Grao-Cruces


Sex-Based Performance Responses to an Acute Sprint Interval Cycling Training Session in Collegiate Athletes
Meir Magal, Nicole C. Liette, Shannon K. Crowley, Jay R. Hoffman, and Kathleen S. Thomas


Effects of a School-Based Intervention on Motivation for Out-of-School Physical Activity Participation
Vassilis Barkoukis, Nikos Chatzisarantis, and Martin S. Hagger


Effects of Time-of-Day Training Preference on Resistance-Exercise Performance
Hannah J. Blazer, Cassidy L. Jordan, Joseph A. Pederson, Rebecca R. Rogers, Tyler D. Williams, Mallory R. Marshall, and Christopher G. Ballmann


“Lift Big–Get Big”: The Impact of Images of Hyper-Muscular Bodies and Training Information
Elio Martino, James P. Fisher, Brian Wink, Dave Smith, and James Steele


Competencies for a Healthy Physically Active Lifestyle—Validation of an Integrative Model
Johannes Carl, Gorden Sudeck, Wolfgang Geidl, Konrad Schultz, and Klaus Pfeifer


The Role of the Rhythm Step on Pro-Agility Test Performance in Division I Football Players
Panayiotis Papadopoulos, Robin J. Lund, Travis K. Ficklin, and Jacob P. Reed


The Role of CO2 on Respiration and Metabolism During Hypercapnic and Normocapnic Recovery From Exercise
Theodoros S. Tsakiris, Athanasios I. Konstantopoulos, and Dimitrios I. Bourdas


Accuracy and Reliability of Commercial Wrist-Worn Pulse Oximeter During Normobaric Hypoxia Exposure Under Resting Conditions
Claire J. Lauterbach, Phebe A. Romano, Luke A. Greisler, Richard A. Brindle, Kevin R. Ford, and Matthew R. Kuennen


Research Notes

The Effects of Using Imagery to Elicit an External Focus of Attention
Masahiro Yamada, Louisa D. Raisbeck, and Jared M. Porter


Exploring the Relations between Social Support and Social Identity in Adolescent Male Athletes
Mark W. Bruner, Colin McLaren, Christian Swann, Matthew J. Schweickle, Andrew Miller, Alex Benson,Lauren A. Gardner, Jordan Sutcliffe, and Stewart A. Vella