rqes cover March 2022
March 2022



RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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  March 2022 (Volume 93, Issue 1)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
/ Profiles of Physical Fitness and Fitness Enjoyment Among Children: Associations With Sports Participation
An De Meester, Mohd Rozilee Wazir Norjali Wazir, Matthieu Lenoir, and Farid Bardid

Purpose: The present study examined whether groups of children with different physical fitness and fitness enjoyment profiles could be identified and, if so, whether the different groups varied from one another in terms of organized sports participation. Method: Five hundred and fifty-eight 8–11-year-olds (56.99% boys) participated in this cross-sectional study. Physical fitness and fitness enjoyment were assessed with seven items from a standardized test battery and a pictorial scale containing pictures referring to the enjoyment in those seven physical fitness tests, respectively. To examine whether groups with different fitness and enjoyment profiles could be identified, we conducted cluster analyses based on children’s standardized physical fitness and fitness enjoyment scores. A two-way ANCOVA (sex*cluster) was conducted to investigate differences in weekly organized sports participation among each of the identified groups while controlling for age. Results: Cluster analyses revealed two groups with aligned levels of physical fitness and fitness enjoyment (i.e., relatively low-low and relatively high-high) and two groups with unaligned levels (i.e., relatively low-moderate and relatively high-moderate), respectively. Both groups with relatively high fitness scores were found to spend significantly more time in organized sports (M = 2.01 h and 2.29 h, respectively) than the two groups with relatively low fitness scores (M = 1.08 h and 0.98 h, respectively), irrespective of their enjoyment levels. Conclusion: Increasing physical fitness levels(especially among those children with suboptimal enjoyment levels) may lead to increased organized sports participation, while increased organized sports participation in its turn may lead to higher fitness levels. As such, participation in sports programs should be promoted in children of all age groups.



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Comparison of Flywheel and Pneumatic Training on Hypertrophy, Strength, and Power in Professional Handball Players
Sergio Maroto-Izquierdo, Jeffrey M. McBride, Nacho Gonzalez-Diez, David García-López, Javier González-Gallego, and José Antonio de Paz


Adherence Factors Related to Exercise Prescriptions in Healthcare Settings: A Review of the Scientific Literature
Sergio Calonge Pascual, José Antonio Casajús Mallén, and Marcela González-Gross


Positive Impacts of a Sport Intervention on Male Students of Color and School Climate
Jesse Mala, Michael D. Corral, Jennifer E. McGarry, Charles D.T. Macauley, Nneka A. Arinze, and Kolin Ebron


I Play, You Play, We Play: Concurrent Activity at Play Streets
Tyler Prochnow, M. Renée Umstattd Meyer, and Keshia Pollack Porter


Autonomy Support via Instructionally Irrelevant Choice Not Beneficial for Motor Performance or Learning
Brad McKay and Diane M. Ste-Marie


Correlation Between Inflammatory and Epigenetic Marks With Aerobic Performance in 10-km Runners
Ionara Rodrigues Siqueira, Carla Giovana Basso, Lolita Schneider Pizzolato, Laura Reck Cechinel, Karine Bertoldi, Morgana Dalpiaz, Maristela Padilha de Souza, and Viviane Rostirola Elsner


Adherence and Health-Related Outcomes of Beginner Running Programs: A 10-Week Observational Study
Clare Stevinson, Carolyn R. Plateau, Stephanie Plunkett, Elliot J. Fitzpatrick, Mosope Ojo, Megan Moran, and Stacy A. Clemes


The Effects of Health Consideration on Exergaming Behavior in College Students: A Structural Equation Perspective
Zhaohui Su and Chengbo Zeng


Toward an Integrated Understanding of the Youth Sport System
Travis E. Dorsch, Alan L. Smith, Jordan A. Blazo, Jay Coakley, Jean Côté, Christopher R. D. Wagstaff, Stacy Warner, and Michael Q. King


Does Social Media Use on Smartphones Influence Endurance, Power, and Swimming Performance in High-Level Swimmers?
Leonardo S. Fortes, Fabio Y. Nakamura, Dalton Lima-Junior, Maria E. C. Ferreira, and Fabiano S. Fonseca


The Effects of Acute and Chronic Exercise on Paraoxonase-1 (PON1): A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis
James Kyle Taylor, Elizabeth Carpio-Rivera, Yamileth Chacón-Araya, Peter W. Grandjean, and José Moncada-Jiménez


Perception of Affordances in Soccer: Kicking for Power Versus Kicking for Precision
Alper Tunga Peker, Veysel Böge, George Bailey, Jeffrey B. Wagman, and Thomas A. Stoffregen


Learn to Turn: Does Spotting Foster Skill Acquisition in Pirouettes?
André Klostermann, Andrea Schärli, Svenja Kunz, Melanie Weber, and Ernst-Joachim Hossner


Using Bodyweight as Resistance Can Be a Promising Avenue to Promote Interval Training: Enjoyment Comparisons to Treadmill-Based Protocols
Gustavo Z. Schaun and Cristine L. Alberton


Effects of Combined Training With Linear Periodization and Non-Periodization on Sleep Quality of Adults With Obesity
Larissa dos Santos Leonel, Willen Remon Tozetto, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, and Giovani Firpo del Duca


Relationship Between Parent and Child Physical Activity Using Novel Acceleration Metrics
Samantha Donnelly, Duncan S. Buchan, Gillian McLellan, and Rosie Arthur


Capturing and Quantifying Tactical Behaviors in Small-Sided and Conditioned Games in Soccer: A Systematic Review
Nuno Coito, Keith Davids, Hugo Folgado, Teresa Bento, and Bruno Travassos


Research Notes

Motivation, Segmented Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Weight Status in Adolescents: A Path Analysis
You Fu, Ryan D. Burns, Ya-Wen Hsu, and Peng Zhang


Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Improves Back-Squat Performance in Intermediate Resistance-Training Men
Lucas Antunes Faria Vieira, Eduardo Lattari, Marco Antônio de Jesus Abreu, Guilherme Moraes Rodrigues, Bruno Viana, Sérgio Machado, Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho Oliveira, and Geraldo de Albuquerque Maranhão Neto