Strategies March April 2020 cover
March / April 2020


Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators

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  March/April 2020 (Volume 33, Issue 2)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
Coaches Can Utilize Parents to Optimize Youth Athletes' Sport Experience
– Bailey Sommerfeld and Tsz Lun Chu

Individuals including youth athletes have three basic psychological needs—autonomy, competence, and relatedness—outlined by self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000). In sport, key social agents such as coaches and parents help satisfy these needs. Coaches, as well as fathers and mothers, can independently and interactively satisfy youth athletes’ basic needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness by providing autonomy support and a task-involving motivational climate. It is essential for coaches to understand this to not only better the youth athletes that they coach, but also educate parents who have tremendous influence over the youth athletes and in order to help provide the best environment in which youth athletes can thrive. Coaches should listen to and communicate with parents about their youth athletes and together, as a team, work to give their youth athletes the best chance of success.

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Short & Sweet: HIIT Training in Physical Education
Tara Blackshear

High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) is an effective strategy for improving health-related fitness in youth. With continued trends of reduced physical education activity time, disturbing youth obesity rates, and outdated fitness testing practices, HIIT training becomes a viable option to use in physical programs to increase physical health and literacy. Proposed is an alternative approach to traditional fitness testing that not only improves fitness but gives students the tools needed to stay active for life.

STEAMing ahead with an obstacle course design challenge
Jeffrey Coelho and Guadalupe Contreras

Many educators are now being tasked to incorporate STEAM education to facilitate meaningful learning and engage students in critical thinking. STEAM education may be enhanced through integration of other school subjects such as physical education. The purpose of this article is to describe a STEAM educational approach to foster the creation of an obstacle course design challenge for elementary school-aged children. Physical educators should take advantage of the enthusiastic interest in obstacle course racing, and the national focus on STEM and STEAM education, to foster an interdisciplinary approach to children’s overall development.

Pickleball Assessment of Skill and Tactics
Robert Michael and Collin Webster

The purpose of this article is to introduce the Pickleball Assessment of Skill and Tactics (PAST). The development of the PAST was to address the grade-level outcomes for middle school physical education and provide empirical evidence that physical education teachers can use as formative and/or summative assessment data to guide instruction and chart student progress toward meeting the grade-level outcomes. The PAST combines skill execution and tactical decisions by measuring student success rate through an event recording observation system. The instrument focuses on the execution of the serve and groundstrokes, as well as the tactical decisions of returning to a recovery position and the ability to use shot selection to move opponents' side-to-side or front-to-back. Implementation of the instrument is designed to be used by teachers or by students as a peer assessment that can be used during modified game play or with videotaped gameplay.


Coaching Strategies for Fitness Testing
– Brent Heidorn & Kevin Huet

The purpose of this article is to highlight a few principles from exercise science, focusing on fitness testing and athletic development, with specific attention on the components of health-related fitness (HRF).

Using a University Health and Physical Education Majors Club to Recruit Preservice Teachers  
– Craig Parkes and Shelley L. Holden

This article is part one of a two-part series highlighting how a health and physical education (HPE) majors club is being used to enhance PETE recruitment and retention at the University of South Alabama.

Using Games to Enhance Skill and Fitness
– Jacob P. Reed

As practitioners it is imperative to understand that these challenges among youth participants are occurring and to do what we can inside of practice and competition to facilitate the fun and joy that sport is typically associated. How can coaches keep practice goals focused on improving performance along with integrating activities or practice sets that target young athletes’ desire for novelty, fun, and enjoyment? A common approach that can help coaches develop this practice structure is the integration of Small Sided Games.

Teaching Gratitude for Social and Emotional Learning
– Duke Biber

There is a growing need to incorporate educational activities and lessons that foster social connectedness, concentration, and resilience in elementary students. Students that are more engaged, motivated, and connected exhibit higher grades, fewer discipline referrals, and progress more effectively through school. Furthermore, there has been an increased emphasis on positive youth development in school settings as that is where elementary students spend most of their time. One area of positive psychology that can be easily and effectively implemented is that of gratitude.