Strategies January February 2020 cover
January / February 2020



Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators

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  January/February 2020 (Volume 33, Issue 1)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
Strategies for Developing Mental Toughness in High School Athletics
– Madison Hunt, Courtney Novak, Leilani Madrigal, and Tiffanye Vargas

Coaches have the possibility to shape their athletes’ experiences in sport and build a strong skillset, in particular, the growth of mental toughness. Mental toughness is important for athletes to develop the mental and physical components needed to overcome obstacles and maintain consistency. This article provides strategies for high school coaches to implement with their teams to develop and enhance mental toughness.

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Connecting Social Skills to Physical Education Instruction
Carla Vidoni

This article describes a teaching strategy called the Fair Play Instruction (FPI), the purposes of which are to teach behaviors that can help a particular class to advance their social skills. The Fair Play Instruction strategy is an effective way to incorporate SHAPE America’s standard 4, and to assess students’ progress towards the achievement of this standard. An engaging characteristic of FPI is that it involves students’ input on what behaviors will be expected in class. The initial stages of this strategy is to identify a broad category of the behaviors that need to be learned. Then students will have a chance to contribute by choosing specific behaviors they think that can be demonstrated during lessons.

An Authentic Badminton Game Performance Assessment Rubric
Kevin Casebolt and Peng Zhang

The purpose of this article is to enhance the existing literature about effective teaching practices for the sport of badminton, specifically introducing an adaptation for an “assessment for learning” rubric.. Using a standards-based model, the “play practice” conceptual framework of assessment can be implemented for the sport of badminton using the levels of “struggling”, or a quality level of 1, “developing” level 2, “meeting” level 3 (the required level), and “exceeding” (level 4). 

Fostering Motivation: Understanding the Role Coaches Play in Youth Sport
Nicole Martin

A large body of literature exists investigating participation and attrition motives of youth athletes spanning several decades, and results have been consistent over time. In order to keep athletes under the age of 17 years motivated to play, the sport must bring them enjoyment. This article aimed to describe how coaches influence varying achievement orientations and motivation within youth sport; and outlines how specific coaching behaviors can foster positive, enjoyable experiences for youth athletes. The examples outlined throughout this article are offered as easily implemented “how to” ideas in providing athletes with meaningful instruction, skill mastery opportunities, and intrinsically motivating sport experiences from one season to the next. 

Volleyball: A Pedagogical Conundrum
Judy Beard and Kirk Mathias

This article provides a detailed guide for Physical Educators with limited volleyball knowledge to teach the sport with a tactical approach, hopefully resulting in more skilled students.


Elementary School Fitness Days: A Seventeen Year University-Community Partnership
– Jane Lynes, Anthony Parish and Lynn Roberts

This article describes and explores the use and effectiveness of Elementary School Fitness Days at both the elementary and university levels, and shows how it benefitted students and teachers at both levels.

Physical Education for ALL in Colorado
– Jaimie M. McMullen and Pam Rogers

The benefits of quality physical education are well documented, and include improvements in physical literacy, fitness, concentration and psychological and emotional benefits. However, physical education continues to be a marginalized subject. This article describes how the Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE) Colorado has put more emphasis on advocacy efforts (e.g., website content, lobby days), and what the lasting impact may be.

Professionally Mentoring a Novice Coach
– Scott Douglas and Connor Douglas

Through the lens of a father-son basketball coaching mentor/mentee relationship, the purpose of this article is to provide coach educators (mentors) and novice coaches (mentees) with considerations and instructional strategies that generally promote improvement in mentee knowledge, increase critical reflection, and provide a meaningful developmental learning experience.

Opportunities for Reducing Racial Bias in Team Sports
– Alexandra Oosting and Tsz Lun Chu

This article focuses on what coaches can do to reduce the subliminal bias they may have towards their players through increasing contact with players, increasing awareness, and increasing diversity and inclusion on their sports teams.