Strategies March April 2022 cover
March / April 2022



Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators

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  March/April 2022 (Volume 35, Issue 2)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
Multicultural Games for Physical Education
– Matthew Fencl

U.S. public schools are continually become more diverse, and the need for teachers to develop culturally sensitive learners who exhibit responsible personal and social behavior is now as important as ever. As children often enjoy socializing and learning through physical activity, the physical education classroom is an opportune location to introduce concepts from new and different cultures. This article identifies six traditional games from diverse cultures from around the world and describes simple, effective modifications for their use in a traditional physical education classroom. 

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Strategies for Early Peak Performance Artistic Athletes’ Retirement From Sport 
Jason Rich, Suzanne Pottratz and Melanie Perreault 

Transitioning out of sport is associated with many changes in an athlete's life that can be distressing and difficult to cope with. As a result, it is not uncommon for athletes to struggle with a variety of issues including a crisis of identity and loss of social support. Since many artistic athletes (e.g., gymnasts, figure skaters) peak at a relatively young age, they also tend to retire at a younger age than other athletes and have developed fewer coping strategies and resources to navigate their way through the changes that come with leaving sport. Recommendations are provided for how coaches can best support and educate their athletes in order to facilitate a positive transition out of sport. 

Physical education during COVID-19: SHAPE America re-entry considerations and practical strategies for in-school, distance, and hybrid learning 
Ashley Phelps, Martin Vasquez and Karen Gaudreault  

Hundreds of thousands of public and private schools have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. To better help this group of teachers during the pandemic, SHAPE America – the professional national organization for health and physical education teachers – came together to create and provide physical education teachers with re-entry considerations. This article aims to provide K-12 physical education teachers with an abbreviated version of the SHAPE America re-entry considerations and practical strategies for implementation during in-school, distance, and hybrid learning in physical education. 

Media Literacy and Sourcing Skills for Middle Grades Students
Helen DuPree 

People of all ages have difficulty interpreting the information they read online. The contemporary media environment grants the public access to an unprecedented amount of information, and virtual learning during the COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated a better understanding of that technology and students’ utilization of such tools. It is widely known that students of today have access to a wealth of information on the internet, but a virtual school year has revealed that 1) students at home using internet searches for school will often select the first answer they find when searching for information and 2) students generally believe what they read on the internet and social media to be true, suggesting a need in secondary education for teaching media literacy and sourcing skills. This article will examine this necessity of teaching these skills in Health and Physical Education, starting in middle grades. 

Using Sport Education to implement Game-based HIIT in Physical Education
Yessica Segovia and David Gutierrez 

Most of the materials published in relation to the ‘Sport Education’ model have developed games and sports seasons. However, the potential of Sport Education has been tested with other content, such as fitness activities. The educational potential of Sport Education and motivational impact on students might make it an alternative to the traditional fitness methodologies in Physical Education (PE). Therefore, combining Sport Education with functional training exercises and foundational movements (FTE-FM) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT), which have proven to be especially effective in achieving health and fitness goals, could make fitness as PE content more motivating and educational. As such, this article describes how to integrate FTE-FM and HIIT into a season of fitness, using Sport Education in PE with a game-based approach (GB-HIIT). 


Facilitating Alternative Assessment with Technology in Physical Education
– Taemin Ha, Brian Dauenhauer, and Jennifer Krause

In order to better manage alternative assessment procedures, incorporating suitable technology can help teachers facilitate an easier, more productive practice in unique and innovative ways. The purpose of this article is, therefore, to provide ideas and resources for technology-facilitated alternative assessment in physical education.

9 Steps of Teaching Hitting
– Marcelina A. Wade & Michael L. Norris

This article provides four key points to properly teach hitting in softball: 1) a detailed description of each of the 9 steps of hitting, 2) the importance of each step and order, 3) ways to modify each step to reach every athlete, and 4) share the importance of repetition and incorporating the drill.

Healthy Eating Active Living (HEAL) United: Measurably improving children’s health
– Charity Bryan

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the Health Eating Active Living (HEAL) United Curriculum and how HEAL United is leveraging their advocacy efforts to help K-12 students in Alabama live healthier lives. 

Not Fair, Not Fun, Not Safe: Confronting alienation in physical education class
– Mijoo Kim

When students feel alienated, they develop various avoidance strategies, such as becoming spectators, blending into the background, faking participation, pretending to be sick or have an injury, or simply not attending class. Consequently, students lose out on opportunities to improve their skills and interact with others, which alienates them further. This paper addresses this concern by looking closely at alienation and students’ avoidance strategies so that physical educators can disrupt alienation to promote greater PA engagement.