Definition and Nature of Field
Coaching involves the teaching and training of one individual or one team in preparation for athletic competition. Usually involved in coaching one specific sport, the coach assumes many different roles.
The coach acts as a teacher when he/she is involved in the teaching of sport skills and tactical performance (game decision making) as well as the teaching of cardiovascular, muscular strength, and flexibility training that is needed for an athlete to perform at an optimal level. This may include but not exclusive to factors such as sport nutrition, hydration, performance physiology, and selection and care of proper equipment The coach acts as a psychologist when he/she is involved in mentoring athletes about competitive stress, motivation, goal setting, time management skills, and psychological preparation.
Depending on the work situation, a person who chooses to coach may also be involved in administrative duties such as budget management, ordering of equipment, scheduling, and risk management. The coach might also assume the roles of an entrepreneur. He/she may be involved in the recruitment and scouting of athletes, publicity, fund raising, and advocacy work. With all roles, a coach must enjoy working and communicating with people. In addition, a coach's work is evaluated in many different ways. In some situations, a coach's effectiveness is evaluated based on a number of factors including athlete satisfaction, athlete progress, and team cohesiveness. In other situations, a coach's work is evaluated strictly on the number of wins their athlete or team acquires.