Fields of Study

#CareerWhy Athletic Training


Definition and Nature of Field

Athletic trainers (ATs) are highly educated and skilled allied health care professionals who specialize in preventing, assessing, treating, and rehabilitating injuries of physically active people. Athletic trainers practice under the direction of a physician and in cooperation with other allied health care personnel such as physical therapists, occupational therapists, and registered nurses.

Often, the AT is the first line of defense in providing care for athletic injuries, making them an integral member of the athletic health care team in secondary schools, colleges and universities, sports medicine clinics, professional sports programs, hospitals, police and fire departments, and various industrial settings that require immediate onsite medical emergency assistance.

A typical day for an AT varies with the level of competition, employment setting and other institutional requirements. In the school athletic setting, the AT may spend their day working with athletes and coaches on preventing injuries through strength, conditioning, and nutrition programming. Prior to practices and games, the AT tapes, bandages, braces and completes similar preventative measures. During activities, the AT evaluates injuries and determines whether the athlete should be referred to a physician or follow standing orders and manage minor injuries. The AT must ensure continual communication between an injured athlete, the physician, coach and family on when and how the athlete can return safely to practice and competition. Because ATs are multi-skilled health care providers, they can also be found working as physician extenders in physician offices and hospitals, in physical therapy clinics, in industrial settings, in the military, and with the performing arts.

As specialists in the prevention, recognition, and rehabilitation of injuries incurred by physically active individuals, ATs provide immediate emergency care and use their knowledge of injuries and the factors influencing injuries to develop treatment programs based on medical, exercise and sports sciences.


Certified athletic trainers have, at minimum, a bachelor's degree from an accredited athletic training education program. Upon completion of a Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) - accredited program, students become eligible for national certification by successfully completing the Board of Certification, Inc. (BOC) examination. Undergraduate athletic training students study human anatomy and physiology, biomechanics, exercise physiology, nutrition, and psychology. Under the supervision of a clinical instructor athletic training students participate in extensive clinical education experiences, to develop skills specific to injuries examination and diagnosis, acute care of injuries and illnesses, therapeutic interventions, and psychosocial strategies and referral. Upon graduation, students are eligible to sit for the Board of Certification (BOC) examination. Successful completion of the BOC examination is required in order to use the ATC credential, and the exam is based on five major practice domains:

Clinical evaluation and diagnosis
Immediate and emergency care
Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning
Organization and professional health and well-being

While the BOC's ATC credential is currently recognized by nearly all states, practice laws and regulations vary so it is important to check state requirements prior to employment.

Because athletic trainers can be found in a variety of settings, individuals interested in pursuing this field of study may want to gain work experience that involves sport and movement activities, summer sports camps, sports medicine/physical therapy clinics, hospitals, and physician offices.

High school courses including career technical education programs in the areas of biology, chemistry, physics, sport, fitness, first aid, and CPR are useful to complete in preparation for studying athletic training. Volunteering in the school athletic training room, at local hospitals or sports medicine clinics is valuable.

With a bachelor's degree and successful completion of the BOC examination, an ATC may find full time or part time employment in a variety of settings, including, but not limited to school athletic programs. According to the National Athletic Trainers Association, today, more than 21% of its certified members are employed in settings other than "traditional" school athletics. Recognized by the American Medical Association in 1990 as an allied health provider, the certified athletic trainer is in great demand in physician offices, hospitals, sports medicine/physical therapy clinics and outreach programs, and in occupational/industrial settings. Employment opportunities are growing as the allied health care industries' recognition of the multiple skills and talents of the ATC continue to expand.

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